The area’s largest industry and employer is Procter & Gamble, with a history that dates back to the city’s early stockyards when soap was made from animal byproducts.
Britain held the land for more than twenty years, until after its defeat in the American Revolutionary War.
At that time, Britain ceded the entire trans-Allegheny region, including what is now Indiana, to the new United States.
According to the 1920 United States Census, 29.7% of Gary's population at the time was classified as foreign-born, mostly from eastern European countries, with another 30.8% classified as native-born with at least one foreign-born parent.
By the 1930 United States Census, the first census in which Gary's population exceeded 100,000, the city was the fifth largest in Indiana and comparable in size to South Bend, Fort Wayne, and Evansville.
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Gary, Indiana, was founded in 1906 by the United States Steel Corporation as the home for its new plant, Gary Works.
The city was named after lawyer Elbert Henry Gary, who was the founding chairman of the United States Steel Corporation.
The area has experienced growth in financial services and in commercial and manufacturing facilities for overseas companies.
There are some businesses supporting the auto industry, but the area’s economy has been less susceptible to disruptions from that industry, and is in good shape for a Midwestern city.
The United States government divided the trans-Allegheny region into several new territories.