The earliest date generally accepted by scholars is about 450 BCE.
Phoenicia is an Ancient Greek term used to refer to the major export of the region, cloth dyed Tyrian purple from the Murex mollusc, and referred to the major Canaanite port towns, and it does not correspond exactly to a cultural identity that would have been recognised by the Phoenicians themselves.Their civilization was organized in city-states, similar to those of Ancient Greece, perhaps the most notable of which were Tyre, Sidon, Arwad, Berytus and Carthage.Since the Jewish Talmud required the Temple tax to be paid with a coin of high purity of silver, the Tyre shekels and half shekels were the only acceptable coins available that met Jewish law requirement.While the shekels of Tyre were part of the centuries old progression of the Greek tetradrachm coins.In turn, they acquired the idea of coinage from the Greeks, and the coins of the half-dozen Phoenician city-states give us a window into their history and beliefs.
Like so many things in ancient numismatics, the date and identity of the first Phoenician coins are uncertain.It features 24 hours of battery life and claims to be a 'mini-disco on the move'. Alexander the Great, only twenty years old when he became king of Macedonia in 336 B. C., he changed the Mediterranean and Near Eastern world forever by bringing the territory of the Persian Empire under Greek rule.Each city-state was a politically independent unit, and it is uncertain to what extent the Phoenicians viewed themselves as a single nationality.In terms of archaeology, language, lifestyle, and religion there was little to set the Phoenicians apart as markedly different from other residents of the Levant. Beekes has suggested a pre-Greek origin of the ethnonym..Archaeologists discovered 26 coins, including three Roman coins which pre-date the invasion of Britain in 43 AD, and 20 other gold and silver pieces which are Late Iron Age and thought to belong to the Corieltavi tribe.‘... Could it have been a sacred place to the Late Iron Age peoples that was taboo to enter in everyday life, making it a safe place that would ensure that person’s valuables were protected?